June 2018


«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 2(62) June 2018

History of architecture

Ziyatdinov Zufar Z.

PhD. (Architecture),Сhief architect of the Penza city
Directorate of town planning and architecture, Penza,
Penza, Russia, e-mail: zzz@penzagp.ru


The article investigates the issue of determination of the period, territory, functions and reasons of origin of second homes. The results of Discovery Channel’s experimental study on the feasibility of surviving on a desert island are reviewed. The second homes of the Korowai tribe who have kept a primitive lifestyle till today are analyzed. In the prehistoric world, second homes were temporary shelters during seasonal livelihood procurement campaigns (fishery, hunting), and former first homes abandoned due to the exhaustion of food resources around the settlement and relocation to new sites. With time, the resource potential of the areas around new homes was exhausted, while the ecosystem of the abandoned sites recovered. This determined the nomadic shuttling lifestyle and availability of several homes one of which is intended for living and the others for temporary stay.

Key words: second home, dachas, summer house, dacha estates, second home, prehistoric period


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Russian text of this article

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