March 2018


«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 4(60) December 2017

Theory of architecture

Kiyanenko Konstantin V.

Doctor of Architecture,
Professor, Department of Architecture and Urban Planning
Vologda State University
Vologda, Russia, e-mail: design@mh.vstu.edu.ru


An analysis of the most influential documents (guidelines and recommendations) preceding the design phase in the professional architectural practice in Russia and the USA suggests that there are two basic approaches to the development of a design brief – "normative-technical" and "social research oriented". Literally translated, the Russian term is "assignment for designing" or "technical assignment", while the English-speaking world uses the term «architectural program» or «design brief». This article is a continuation of the previous discussion that was started in "Architecton" (No.: 54,59) in which the author considered international and national systems of pre-design programming separately from the perspective of history, internal design and problems. Meanwhile, a direct comparison of the domestic strategies with the American ones provides more material for reflection and conclusions concerning the features and possible directions of development of the Russian methodology and techniques of architectural design at the "pre-design" stage.

Key words: design methodology, design brief, architectural programming, Russian-American comparisons


1. Kiyanenko, K.V. (2016) «Architectural programming» as social research and predesign management [Online]. Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education, No.:2 (54). Available from: http://archvuz.ru/2016_2/1 (in Russian)

2. Kiyanenko, K.V. (2017) The "Pre-design" Stage and the Design Brief in Architecture: Status and Terminology Problems [Online]. Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education, No.:3 (59). Available from: http://archvuz.ru/2017_3/5 (in Russian)

3. A Guidebook for Preparation of Assignments for Designing Capital Construction Objects. OAO "Tsentrinvestprojekt". Moscow, 2013. (in Russian)

4. Rules of Carrying Out Investment Project Audits for the Efficiency of Use of Federal Budget Funds Allocated for Capital Investments. Approved by Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation dated 12.08.2008, No.:590. (in Russian)

5. SNIP 11-01-95 Instruction on the Development, Coordination, Approval and Components of Design Documentation for Construction of Enterprises, Buildings and Structures. (in Russian)

6. Peňa, W. (2001) Problem Seeking: an architectural programming primerl. 4th ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

7. Peňa, W. (1969) Problem Seeking/ New Directions in Architectural Programming. Houston: Caudill, Rowlett and Scott, Texas Architects.

8. ARE 5.0 Handbook [Online]. Washington, DC: National Council of Architectural Registration Boards (NCARB), 2017. Available from: https://www.ncarb.org/sites/default/files/ARE5-Handbook.pdf

9. Architectural Experience Program Guidelines [Online]. Washington, DC: National Council of Architectural Registration Boards (NCARB), 2017. Available from: https://www.ncarb.org/sites/default/files/AXP-Guidelines.pdf

Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-70832 of 30.08.2017 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017