№1(61)
March 2018
ISSN
1990-4126

Russian

«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 4(60) December 2017

History of architecture


Gerasimov Alexander P.

PhD. (Architecture), Associate Professor,
Subdepartment of Theory and History of Architecture Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building,
Tomsk, Russia, e-mail: gap11@sibmail.com

THE EVOLUTION OF RATIONAL FORMS IN THE WOODEN ARCHITECTURE OF SUBERIA


The article discusses the evolution of wooden architecture in one of the provincial cities of Western Siberia in the early 20th century. The concept of "rationalism" characteristic of stone and wooden architecture is defined. Attention is paid to the construction both of private and for-profit houses and of public buildings, and their characteristic features are highlighted. The reasons for addressing this theme are: 1. Extensive construction of wooden buildings of all types in Siberia. 2. Research into the second half of 19th – early 20th century wooden architecture of Tomsk suggests that over that period of time wooden architecture was designed and erected by professionals: architects and civil engineers. 3. During the periods of Eclecticism and Art Nouveau, these stylistic features appeared not only in stone but also in wooden houses. The author concludes that the term "rationalism" is applicable to wooden architecture as well. This theme is raised in press for the first time and is subject to discussion.

Key words: wooden architecture, styles and directions, form generation, rationalism



References

1. Punin, A.L. (1965) The Ideas of Rational Architecture in the Theoretical Views of Russian Architects in the Second Half of the 19th – Early 20th Century. PhD dissertation (Architecture). Leningrad. (in Russian)

2. Dmitrienko, N.M. (1991) The Merchants of Old Tomsk. Tomskaya Starina, No.: 1, p. 8. (in Russian)

3. Kirichenko, E.I. (1978) Russian Architecture of the 1830-1910s. Moscow: Iskusstvo. (in Russian)

4. Gerasimov, A.P. (2010) Tomsk’s Art Nouveau. Tomsk: V-Spektr. (in Russian)

5. Kirillov, V.V. (1979) The Architecture of Russian Art Nouveau. An Experience in Formological Analysis. Moscow: MGU. (in Russian)

6. Goryunov, V.S., Tubli, M.P. (1994) The Architecture of the Era of Art Nouveau. Concepts. Directions. Masters. Saint-Petersburg: Stroyizdat. (in Russian)


Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-70832 of 30.08.2017 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017