September 2017


«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 3(59) September 2017

Theory of architecture

Astanin Dmitry M.

Instructor, Subdepartment of Urban Planning.
Saint-Petersburg state University of Architecture and Civil Engineering Director General,
ООО «Rustal. Northwest»;
Member of the Russian NGO «Russian Geographical Society»,
Saint-Petersburg, Russia, e-mail: montenegro.astanin@mail.ru


The article discusses three methods of preserving the historical appearance of landscapes using as examples national parks in Russia and other countries developed on the basis of the European model of ecological tourism in which сentral place is given to the cultural landscape and interests of the local population are taken into account. The first method is preservation of sacred and conservation of cultural landscapes based on the examples of the national parks of Uluru-Kata Tjuta and Alkhanay, where sacred landscapes present the сentral planning element. The second method is preservation of cultural landscapes through the conservation and restoration of monuments of culture, analyzed in Kenozersky National Park, rich with numerous cultural monuments. The third method is preservation and restoration of historically developed systems of settlement and nature management supported by the practical experiences of the national parks of Vodlozersky, Ugra and Alania, which have suffered the consequences of destruction of the traditional way of life of the local populations. The conclusion is drawn that it is essential to apply the above three methods to ensure that the bio and cultural diversity of recreational areas is preserved.

Key words: European model of ecotourism, cultural landscape, monument, culture, settlement system, environmental management system


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Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-50147 of 06.06.2012 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017