№3(59)
September 2017
ISSN
1990-4126

Russian

«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 3(59) September 2017

Theory of architecture


Zakharchuk Angela V.

PhD student, Subdepartment of Theory of Architecture and Professional Communications.
Research supervisor: O.A.Shipitsyna, PhD. (Architecture).
Ural State University of Architecture and Art.
Ekaterinburg, Russia, e-mail: zakharchuk@inbox.ru 

THE IDEA OF "NATURALNESS" IN LATE 19th - EARLY 21st CENTURY ARCHITECTURAL CONCEPTS


The article states the importance of studying how the idea of "naturalness" was realized in the late 19th - early 21st century architectural concepts. In the context of this study, the idea of "naturalness" is understood as a definite concept which, on mental level, takes in all the diversity of the natural world used by the architect in his creative search in the process of designing objects and structures. Basing on already known techniques, an algorithm is proposed for investigating the idea of "naturalness" in architectural concepts, following which the late 19th - early 21st century architectural concepts employing the idea of "naturalness" are described in chronological sequence. The author concludes that the period under study saw gradual accumulation of such architectural concepts as new discoveries in natural sciences and construction technologies expanded the range of natural analogues available for creative architectural search. It is further concluded that the realization of the idea of "naturalness" in the late 19th - early 21st century architectural concepts was a dialectical process of qualitative evolution in architectural thought.

Key words: idea of "naturalness", natural forms, architectural concepts, author's ideology, bionic architecture



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Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-70832 of 30.08.2017 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017