June 2017


«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 58 June 2017

History of architecture

Meerovich Mark G.

DSc (History), DSc (Architecture),
Professor, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Civil Engineering,
Corresponding Member of the International Academy of Architecture.
Irkutsk State Technical University,
Irkutsk, Russia, e-mail: memark@inbox.ru


The history of the Union of Soviet Architects of the USSR as it was called initially reflected the nature of the human manipulation system which was specially developed by the Soviet power within its command and control production management structure, including planning and architectural-design. The article describes in detail the legislative and political contexts in which creative groupings in architecture existed in the second half of the 1920s, reveals the reasons for the decision to establish the Union of Soviet Architects adopted by the country’s leadership, lays bare the party’s and government’s "mechanics" of making and realizing such decisions, describes techniques for ensuring the submission of “non-party-member: architects to "Party member" architects, lists the functions of the "authorised" Union of Architects, its role in forcing architects to follow the policy pursued by the leadership, and presents the process of establishment of the Union of Architects as a state agency "creativity management”.

Key words: Union of Soviet Architects of the USSR, creative groupings, charter of the creative organization, socialist realism, state regulation of professional activity, supervisory control over creativity


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Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-50147 of 06.06.2012 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017