March 2018


«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 58 June 2017

Theory of architecture

Zhukovsky Roman S.

assistant professor.
Altay State Technical University, Institute of Architecture and Design.
Barnaul, Russia, e-mail: romanzsolar@mail.ru


The object of the study is public and business sub-downtown areas (SDs), secondary elements of the system of urban centers which are closest to main centers (downtowns) in the features. They are characterized by a mix of uses and large urban scales. SDs may develop sustainably if positioned firmly as a intermediate urban niche between the downtown area and suburbs as areas which are less economically developed but more affordable than the downtown. It is concluded on this basis that it is necessary to develop SDs (especially at the initial stages) as spaces with simultaneous introduction of downtown-like archetypes of urban milieu and techniques that can reduce the costs of construction and maintenance. This may be ensured by the introduction of mid-rise built-up blocks with high-rise landmarks, vertical zoning with the inclusion of dwellings and primary mixed-use buildings, expansion of modular, mobile, framed, spatial systems and temporary structures, and use of architectural styles from the group of neo-modernism, neo-brutalism and hi-tech movements.

Key words: public and business subcenter, sustainable development of territories, architectural style, city block, multifunctional building


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