Theory of architecture
|Vlasov Victor G.|
DSc (Art Studies), Professor, Chair of History of West European Art,
ORDER AND ORDINATION IN ARCHITECTURE: FROM MARCUS VITRUVIUS POLLIO TO MICHEL FOUCAULT
The article considers the notions of order and details of the order system in architecture from the viewpoint of their artistic figurativeness. The order is not a structural system but a way of translating the utilitarian post-and-lintel design into its image. Each component of the order down to the minutest ones is therefore and art trope – a result of translating semantic meanings from the signified onto the signifier, from the structural prototype onto its semantic twin. Hence follows the major importance of iconology, phenomenology, semiology and methodology of structural analysis for the theory of order in modern architectural studies. The author juxtaposes the traditional ontological categories of architecture from the treatise of Vitruvius with the poststructuralist concepts of the French philosopher of M.Foucault formulated in his book «Les mots et les choses» (1966). As a result, it becomes possible to construct a more complex typology of order themes and motifs in architecture. Besides the architectonic method of form-building, such typology demonstrates a figurative plastic one that determines a wide range of elective, combinatory and composite techniques of artistic thinking in images in architecture.
Key words: architectonics, architecture, art, order, ordination, semantics, style, tectonics, art trope, form-building
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