Theory of architecture
|Vlasov Victor G.|
DSc (Art Studies), Professor, Chair of History of West European Art,
TECTONICS AND DISSYMMETRY OF ARCHITECTURAL COMPOSITION
The article is devoted to historically diverse relationships in tectonics, the properties of which are symmetry and harmony of proportions, asymmetries and dissymetries of architectural composition. Unlike asymmetry (disturbance or total absence of symmetry), dissymmetry implies similarity and simultaneous distinction between the elements of a whole. Based on the works of classics of architectural theory, the author finds the solution to the problem in the specificity of the spatial-temporal continuum of architectonic composition – the motor and plastic fine-art character of architectural space. These features define design techniques and compositional variety of buildings. Disturbance of historically evolving relationships in tectonics, symmetry and dissymetry leads to degeneration of architecture into installation art.
Key words: motor space, dissymetry, symmetry, visual dynamics, installation, composition, direction of form
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