№3(59)
September 2017
ISSN
1990-4126

Russian

«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 53 March 2016

History of architecture


Polyakov Evgeny N.

Doctor of Art Studies, PhD. (Architecture),
Professor, Subdepartment of Theory and History of Architecture.
Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building,
Tomsk, Russia, E-mail: polyakov.en@yandex.ru

ARCHITECTURAL AND TOWN-PLANNING ASPECTS IN THE WORK OF GAIUS JULIUS CAESAR «COMMENTARIES ON THE GALLIC WAR»


The article is devoted to the basic professional activities of ancient Roman engineers and architects in the 1st century BC. These aspects are described in sufficient detail in Julius Caesar’s “Commentaries on the Gallic War”, which considers the main principles underlying the development of fortification systems in cities and military camps, structural treatment of bridges and temporary crossings, and principal types of siege equipment and defense barriers. It is shown that one of the reasons why the barbarian tribes were defeated in this war was the superiority of the Roman army not only in structural organisation and arms but also in architectural technology.

Key words: fortresses, military camp, poliorcetics, Guius Julius Caesar, «Commentaries on the Gallic War»



References

1. Caesar, Gaius Julius. (2014) Commentaries on the Gallic War. Translated by L.A. Igorevsky. Мoscow: Tsentrpoligraf. (in Russian)

2. Vitruvius, M.P. (2006) The Ten Books on Architecture. Мoscow: Arkhitektura-S, 2006. (in Russian)

3. Plutarch. (1987) Selected Lives, in 2 vol. Vol.2. Translated from Ancient Greek. Мoscow: Pravda. (in Russian)

4. Suetonius, G.T. (1991) The Twelve Caesars. Мoscow: Pravda. (in Russian)

5. Strabo. (1994) Geography. In 17 books. Translated by G.A. Stratnovsky. Мoscow: Ladomir, 1994. (in Russian)

6. Zubov, V.P. (1940) The Architecture of the Antiquity. Moscow: USSR Academy of Architecture. (in Russian)

7. Brunov, N.I. (1935) Essays on History of Architecture, in 3 vol. Vol. 2. Greece – Rome – Byzantium. Moscow, Leningrad: Akademia. (in Russian)

8. Bunin, A.V. (1979) History of Town-Planning. In 2 vol. Vol. 1. Town-Planning during the Slave-Owning Period and Feudalism. Moscow: Stroyizdat. (in Russian)

9. Mikhailov, B.P. (1958) General History of Architecture in 2 vol. Vol. 1. Moscow: Gosstroyizdat. (in Russian)

10. Savarenskaya, T.F. (1984) History of Town-Planning. The Slave-Owning and Feudal Periods. Moscow: Stroyizdat. (in Russian)

11. General Historyof Architecture. In12 vol. Vol. 2. Architecture of the Antiquity (Greece, Rome. Мoscow: Building Construction Literature Publishing House, 1973. (in Russian)

12. Godlevsky, N.N. (2011) History of Architecture of the Ancient East and Antiquity. Moscow: Universitetskaya Kniga. (in Russian)


Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-70832 of 30.08.2017 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017