June 2017


«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 52 December 2015

History of architecture

Burtsev Alexander G.

Associate Professor
Chair of Theory of Architecture and Professional Communication,
Ural State University of Architecture and Arts,
Ekaterinburg, Russia, e-mail: alexander.g.burtsev@gmail.com  


The activities of housing co-operatives during the New Economic Policy period in Sverdlovsk are one of the «blank spots» in national history of architecture. The article describes the activities of the "Opytstroy" partnership, which was mostly composed of representatives of the city’s technical intelligentsia, and addresses the specifics of the plans and structural solutions of their built projects and reveals the difficult relationships of co-ops with the State. Archival records and field surveys of the partnership’s remaining buildings suggest that in this case the level of realisation of self-help housing construction was considerably inferior to that in Europe.

Key words: self-help construction, housing co-operatives, New Economic Policy, low-rise architecture, Sverdlovsk


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Russian text of this article

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