№58
June 2017
ISSN
1990-4126

Russian

«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 52 December 2015

History of architecture


Zhurin Nikolai P.

PhD (Architecture), Head of Foundations of Architectural Design,
History of Architecture and Urban Planning.
Novosibirsk State University of Architecture, Design and Art.
Novosibirsk, Russia, e-mail: nikolayzhurin@mail.ru

GERMAN ARCHITECT R. WOLTERS AND THE ARCHITECTURE OF CONSTRUCTIVISM IN NOVOSIBIRSK


The article discusses and analyzes "Specialist in Siberia", the memories of the German architect R. Wolters who visited the Soviet Union in the early 1930s. R. Wolters' attitude towards the architecture of Soviet constructivism in Novosibirsk is studied. I consider the sources of his creative views that took shape during his vocational training together with A. Speer at Munich and Berlin Technical Universities under the tutelage of Professor H. Tessonow. There are differences in the basic aesthetic inclinations of R. Wolters and the aesthetics and practice of German modernism. His professional concepts are logically projected onto the architecture of Soviet constructivism in Novosibirsk, which R. Wolters ignored or treated critically in his memoirs. Later, in Germany, in the era of the Third Reich, where R. Wolters worked in A. Speer’s team and acquired a certain standing in architecture, his creativity as one of the authors of Berlin’s reconstruction and a leading member of the Todt Organization clearly did not coincide with the aesthetic principles of Avant-Garde in the first third of the 20th century.

Key words: Soviet architecture, constructivism, architecture of Novosibirsk, R.Wolters (German architect), A. Speer (German architect),



References

1. Jörn Düwel. (2015) Neue Städte für Stalin. Rudolf Wolters – ein deutscher Architekt in der Sowjetunion 1932–1933. Berlin: DOM Publishers.

2. Jörn Düwel und Niels Gutschow. (2015) Baukunst und Nationalsozialismus. Demonstration von Macht in Europa 1940–1943. Die Ausstellung Neue Deutsche Baukunst von Rudolf Wolters. Berlin: DOM Publishers.

3. Wolters, R. (2010) Specialist in Siberia. Translated from German by D.S.Khmelnitsky. Novosibirsk: Svin’in and Sons. (in Russian)

4. Khmelnitsky, D.S. (2010) Nazi Propaganda Against the USSR. Materials and commentaries. Мoscow: Tsentropoligraf. (in Russian)

5. Speer, А. (2014) Spandau: A Secret Diary. Мoscow: Zakharov. (in Russian)

6. The USSR Occupied: the diary of a German architect [Online] Available from: http://ttolk.ru/?p=15508 (in Russian)

7. Speer, А. (1998) Memoirs. Мoscow: Rusich. (in Russian)

8. Speer, A. and Wolters, R. (1941) Neue Deutsche Baukunst. Berlin: Volk und Reich Verlag.


Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-50147 of 06.06.2012 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017