№3(59)
September 2017
ISSN
1990-4126

Russian

«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 52 December 2015

Fine art


Petrenko Sergey D.

PhD student,
department Fundamentals of architectural design, architectural history and urban planning
Research supervisor: PhD (Architecture), Associate Professor E. Blinov.
Novosibirsk State University of Architecture, Design and Art.
Novosibirsk, Russia, e-mail: petrenkosergey@ngs.ru

THE IMAGE OF THE SOVIET WORKER IN MONUMENTAL SCULPTURE IN WESTERN SIBERIAN CITIES THROUGH THE PRYSM OF THE SOCIALIST REALISM CANON


The article is devoted to the evolution of the image of worker in monumental sculpture in the 1920 – 1950s. Using as an example the sculptural groups that decorate the facades of buildings in some Siberian cities (Barnaul, Novosibirsk, Novokuznetsk) and freestanding monuments, the author makes an attempt to retrace the dependence of the composition and imagery in monumental sculpture of political poster and literary prose, in which the socialist realist canon first took shape and then exerted further direct influence on visual arts. Using the methods of iconology and iconography, the author concludes that the main vector of development in sculpture for over thirty years was determined by both formal solutions of political poster design and Soviet industry-related novel.

Key words: iconography of Soviet worker, poster, monumental sculpture, socialist realism



References

1. Balandin, S. (1978) Novosibirsk. Planning History 1893-1945. Novosibirsk: Novosibirsk Book Publishing House. (in Russian)

2. Bonnell, V. (2007) Peasant in Political Art. In: Iarskaia-Smirnova E.and Romanov, P. (eds.) Soviet Social Policy 1920-1930: Ideology. Moscow: OOO "Option" TsSPGI. (in Russian)

3. Bonnell, V. (2009) Iconography of the Worker in Soviet Political Art. In: Iarskaia-Smirnova E.and Romanov, P. Visual Anthropology: Regimes of Visibility under Socialism. Мoscow: Variant. (in Russian)

4. Golomshtok, I. (1994) Totalitarian Art. Мoscow: Galart. (in Russian)

5. Korolev, I. Formation of Soviet Iconography in the Poster of the Civil War. Image of the Worker and the Peasant in the Poster (part of graduate thesis) [Online]. Available from: http://www.academia.edu/11873822/  (in Russian)

6. Günther, H. and Dobrenko, E. (eds.) (2000) The Socialist Realism Canon. Saint-Petersburg: Akademichesky Proyekt. (in Russian)


Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-70832 of 30.08.2017 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017