March 2018


«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 51 September 2015

Theory of architecture

Popkova Lyubov А.

PhD student, Subdepartment of Building Design and Urban Planning.
Research supervisor: Professor T.R.Zabaluyeva, PhD. (Engineering)
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering.
Moscow, Russia, e-mail: 79296775010@yandex.ru


The article considers the architectural and planning features of the "Preodoleniye" Rehabilitation Center in which adults and children over 14 years of age with disabilities receive treatment. The study paid particular attention to the opinions of the Center’s clinical staff obtained through interviewing. I reviewed the functionalities of the premises and unique solutions introduced through the implementation of international standards in the building handed over to rehabilitation center. The nuances and peculiarities of the plans are described, and the reasons for using assistive devices and accessories in the interior are given. A comprehensive analysis was carried out to identify the architectural and planning solutions of the circulation, living and housekeeping spaces that are essential for ensuring comfortable stay and safety of wheelchair clients. А comparison of the Russian and German standards has revealed differences in the level of comfort in the proposed planning solutions. The most favorable dimensions of a dwelling unit for wheelchair users and the adjoining bathroom are identified. The plans of the center and, in particular, the plan of the units are presented.

Key words: medical facility design, rehabilitation centers, accessible environment, wheelchair users


1. State standard: GOST R 50602-93. Wheelchairs. Maximum overall dimensions. Moscow: Gosstandart Rossii, 1994. (in Russian)

2. Set of regulations: SR 136.13330.2012. Buildings and structures. Common design regulations allowing for accessibility for physically handicapped persons. Gosstroy, 2012. (in Russian)

3. Set of regulations: SR 148.13330.2012. Rooms in social and medical service provision institutions. Design rules. 2013. (in Russian)

4. Set of regulations: SR 149.13330.2012. Rehabilitation centers for physically challenged children and teenagers. Rules of architectural design. 2013. (in Russian)

5. Manual for MGSN 4.12-97 Medical prophylactic institutions. Issue 2. Hospitals: hospital wards. Obstetric hospitals. Day-care facilities. 2000. (in Russian)

6. Leontyeva, E.G. (2001) Accessible e (in Russian)nvironment through the eyes of a disabled person. Ekaterinburg: Publishing house «BASCO.].

7. Runge V.F., Manusevich Yu.P. (2009) Ergonomics in environmental design. Moscow: Arkhitektura-S. (in Russian)

8. Rau, U. (2008) Barrierefrei – Bauen für die Zukunft. Berlin: Bauwerk Verlag.

9. Tesler, K.I. (2012) Social adaptation of persons with disabilities through the establishment of social rehabilitation centres. Vestnik MGSU. No. 10. P. 51-55. (in Russian)

10. The website of the centre for the rehabilitation of disabled people, the article "The law on the rights of persons with disabilities" Available from: http://www.invachelny.ru/doc/19.html (in Russian)

Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-70832 of 30.08.2017 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017