December 2017


«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 51 September 2015

Theory of architecture

Steklova Irina A.

PhD (Art Studies), Associate Professor,
Penza State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering,
Penza, Russia, e-mail: i_steklo60@mail.ru


The author presents St. Petersburg as the flagship of the Russian state’s regular transformations which gave birth to regular mythology. The history of St. Petersburg is shown to have sublimated into the metaphysics of history, dating back to the ancient heroics by the myth. Thus, the history of Alexander Column in Palace Square in St. Petersburg illustrates the mythologizing strategy of statehood continuity from antiquity, surrounded with superlatives. Alexander Column was real proof of the Empire’s power over the world, causing massive enthusiasm. Alexander Pushkin contrasted it to "monument without hands" as a speculative vertical of freedom, combining horizontal space. It marked the beginning of the freedom mythology. In particular, it is reflected in the literary debates on the prototype of the "monument without hands" opposition, which indirectly confirms the romantic understanding of architecture as concentrate symbols of the history in the second quarter of the 19th century.

Key words: architectural space of St.-Petersburg, the myth of St.-Petersburg, romanticism, Alexander Pushkin


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Russian text of this article

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