№3(59)
September 2017
ISSN
1990-4126

Russian

«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 49 March 2015

History of architecture


Zabaluyeva Tatiana R.

PhD. (Engineering), Professor,
Department of Building Design and Town Planning.
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering,
Moscow, Russia, e-mail: tzabalueva@yandex.ru

THE EMERGENCE OF MEDITERRANEAN INSULAR ARCHITECTURE IN RETROSPECT. Part III. MATURE AND LATE NEOLITHIC IN MALTA


The article presents a study of the temple complexes of Malta in the Late Neolithic. The features of the planning structure, composition, building techniques of this period are studied on the data from temple complexes Ggantija (Gozo island), two-temple complex Ta' Hagrat, three-temple complex Mnajdra. The architectural and construction qualities of these monuments representing the rise of building skills on the early stages of European civilization are being inspected. Late Neolith shrine construction on Malta is presented not only as the first phase of the future architecture development. The specific features of the island's architecture in the given period are also considered. Church architecture Malta Late Neolithic is represented not only as a basic stage of development of the future of architecture in general, but also addresses the features inherent island architecture of this period.

Key words: Neolithic age, Mediterranean architecture, insular culture, temple complexes



References

1. Bonnano, A. (1997) Malta: An Archaeological Paradise. Malta: M.J.Publications

2. Evans, J.D. (1953) The Prehistoric Culture-Sequence in the Maltese Archipelago. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. P. 41-95

3. Trump, H. David. (1995/96) Radiocarbon Dates from Malta. Accordia Research Papers, VI. P. 173-177

4. Trump, H. David. (2008) Malta, Prehistory and Temples. Malta: Midsea Books Ltd .

5. Bezzina, J. (1990) Les temples de Ggantija. Malte : Xaghra gozo

6. Eliade, M. (2002) A History of Religious Ideas. Vol.1. From the Stone Age to the Eleusinian Mysteries. Transl. N.N. Kulakova, V.R. Rokityansky, Yu.N. Stefanov. Moscow: Kriterion, 2002. (in Russian)

7. Malone, C., Stoddart, S., Bonnano, A., Gouder, T., Trump, D.H. (1995) Mortuary ritual of 4th millenium BC Malta: the Zebbug period chambered tomb from the Brochtorff Circle at Xaghra (Gozo). Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. P. 303-346

8. Trump, H. David. (1961) The Later Prehistory of Malta. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. P. 253–262 9. Melis, P. (2003) Civiltà Nuragica. Sassari: Delfino editore.


Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-70832 of 30.08.2017 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017