№3(59)
September 2017
ISSN
1990-4126

Russian

«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 48 December 2014

Theory of architecture


Tkachev Valentin N.

Doctor of Architecture, professor.
V.I. Surikov State Academic Institute of Art.
Moscow, Russia, e-mail: valentintn@mail.ru

WATER AND CIVILIZATION


This series of articles is devoted to the role of water in human life and in the forms of architectural organisation of living environments. Historically, the author states the prevalence of adaptive forms in the early civilisations which defined the contribution of water as an essential component of agricultural, industrial, and urban planning human activities. The rhythmic pattern of humidification and aridization processes adds clarity to the periodization of the centuries-old history of the Euroasian continent, providing an additional argument in favour of the hypothesis (already realised) of global warming and rising sea level and suggesting a radical review of the future of the human civilisation. The article describes an experience of standing up against the aggression of water or its deficiency, reviews local methods of struggle against hydro-disasters, and gives a futurological portrayal of the civilisation’s prospects.

Key words: architectural morphogenesis, coastal settlements, protective structures



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Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-70832 of 30.08.2017 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017