№58
June 2017
ISSN
1990-4126

Russian

«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 48 December 2014

History of architecture


Burtsev Alexander G.

Associate Professor
Chair of Theory of Architecture and Professional Communication,
Ural State University of Architecture and Arts,
Ekaterinburg, Russia, e-mail: alexander.g.burtsev@gmail.com  

SELF-BUILT HOUSING IN SVERDLOVSK IN 1924-25. COOPERATIVES AND OWNER-BUILDERS


The domestic research literature has described sufficiently well the general pattern of worker housing construction in the 1920s. At the same time, the building programmes of housing co-operatives and the activities of personal self-builders in provinces, and in Sverdlovsk in particular, has yet been little studied. This article is an attempt to classify public, co-operative and personal entities who participated in low-rise housing construction in Sverdlovsk in 1924-25. Based on archival materials and information from periodicals, the author has identified the regional specifics of self-help housing construction in Sverdlovsk during the period under study: the infancy of housing co-operatives along with considerable activity of personal and spontaneous builders. The local co-operative building societies were characterized by construction at scattered sites within the then existing borders of the city of Sverdlovsk.

Key words: self-help construction, housing co-operatives, personal self-builders, low-rise housing



References

  1. 200 Housing-rental communities (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 6 August.
  2. 35 Dwellings being built by housing cooperatives (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 2 April.
  3. 350 thousand rubles on the side (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 28 May.
  4. 600.000 rubles for construction (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 20 June.
  5. 70.000 rubles of targeted tax for housing construction (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 24 June.
  6. Alferov, N.S., Belyankin, G.I., Kozlov, A.G. and Korotkovsky A.E. (1980) Sverdlovsk (construction and architecture), Moscow: Stroyizdat.
  7. Rental and building cooperatives (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 30 October.
  8. Bakunin, A.V. (ed.) (1973) The essays on the history of Sverdlovsk, Sverdlovsk: Sredne-uralskoe knizhnoe izdatelstvo.
  9. Bezrukov, V. (1925a) The “Pioneer” increased, Uralsky Rabochi, 11 November.
  10. Bezrukov, V. (1925b) The “Pioneer” is building 25 homes, Uralsky Rabochi, 3 July.
  11. Berdnikov, N.N. (1976) The city in two dimensions, Sverdlovsk: Sredne-uralskoe knizhnoe izdatelstvo.
  12. Closer to housing construction (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 4 November.
  13. Breiterman (1925) About the construction technicians, Uralsky Rabochi, 24 November.
  14. Burtsev, A.G. (2009) The “borderline” architecture of Russia. [Online] Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education, No 28. Available from: http://archvuz.ru/2009_4/1 [Accessed: 1st December 2014].
  15. Burtsev, A.G. (2014) Towards theoretical foundations for the study of history of self-help housing construction in Russia. [Online] Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education, No 47. Available from: http://archvuz.ru/2014_3/4 [Accessed: 1st December 2014].
  16. Bykov, V.M. (1924) Sverdlovsk – the capital of Ural. A Guide, Ekaterinburg: Uralkniga.
  17. Goloborodsky, M.V., Tokmeninova, L.I. and Sanok, S.I. (2013) The history of master-plan of Ekaterinburg. 1723-2013, Ekaterinburg: Tatlin.
  18. The textile workers hunger (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 6 October.
  19. Didkovsky, B.V. (1925) The project of primary city construction, Uralsky Rabochi, 1 February.
  20. The shortage of wood (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 30 October.
  21. The housing cooperative builds 11 homes (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 18 August.
  22. Housing construction (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 19 February.
  23. Housing construction (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 18 August.
  24. Housing and communal construction. The conversation with com. Petrov, the vice chairman of Sverdlovsk district Executive Committee (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 24 May.
  25. The regional housing stock (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 3 July.
  26. Engineers from China for Ural’s industry (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 6 December.
  27. Kozhany, P. (1925) Every kind of assistance to housing cooperation, Uralsky Rabochi, 22 August.
  28. The benefit for builders (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 9 December.
  29. The benefits for builders (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 21 July.
  30. Meerovich, M.G. (2004) Socio-cultural framework for the implementation of state housing policy in the RSFSR (1917-1941). Doctors dissertation thesis. Ulan-Ude.
  31. Meerovich, M.G. (2008) The punishment by the housing: Housing policy in USSR as a means of managing people: 1917-1937, Moscow: ROSPEN.
  32. Neverov, L.P. (1956) Sverdlovsk, Sverdlovsk: Sredne-uralskoe knizhnoe izdatelstvo.
  33. The new house-building cooperative (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 18 April.
  34. The new developers (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 31 July.
  35. The new cooperatives (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 10 September.
  36. The new cooperatives (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 16 September.
  37. The new department of Okrmesthoz (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 17 February.
  38. Obraztsov, V. (1925) The population of Sverdlovsk city, Uralsky Rabochi, 5 March.
  39. One house a day (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 17 January.
  40. Ozeransky, M. (1925a) Materials to be supplied teamwise, Uralsky Rabochi, 16 September.
  41. Ozeransky, M. (1925b) Experimental-demonstrational construction, Uralsky Rabochi, 6 June.
  42. Ozeransky, M. (1925c) The technical bureau is being organized, Uralsky Rabochi, 4 April.
  43. Ozeransky, M. (1925d) Private capital engaging into construction, Uralsky Rabochi, 24 June.
  44. Orshansky, B.E. (1925) The program for housing funding distribution, Uralsky Rabochi, 20 October.
  45. 448 plots were allocated for housing construction, Uralsky Rabochi, 20 October.
  46. The allocation of plots (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 12 August.
  47. The first steps of Ural’s housing cooperation (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 22 August.
  48. The projects for city construction (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 13 February.
  49. The allocation of plots for new dwellings (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 13 February.
  50. The digest on housing cooperation (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 26 February.
  51. The communal bank of Sverdlovsk (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 8 March.
  52. The loans for Sverdlovsk’s cooperatives (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 21 July.
  53. City planning and expansion board (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 14 February.
  54. The construction on Lenin’s factory (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 1 February.
  55. Economical apparatus for housing construction (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 14 March.
  56. Private housing construction in Sverdlovsk (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 1 October.
  57. Extraordinary measures, or it will be much worse (1925), Uralsky Rabochi, 6 October.
  58. Shesopalov, S.S. (2010) Summer house dwellings of the second part of XX century as a semi-professional architecture phenomenon. Architecture and modern informational technologies, 3(12) [online] Available at: http://kak.znate.ru/pars_docs/refs/10/9463/9463.pdf [Accessed 1 December 2014].
  59. Yazovsky, M. (1925) Housing economy in Sverdlovsk, Uralsky Rabochi, 27 August.
  60. Andrusz, G. (1992) Housing co-operatives in the Soviet Union, Housing Studies, 7(2), pp. 138–153.
  61. Crane, J.L., McCabe, R.E. (1950) Programs in aid of family housebuilding. «Aided Self-Help Housing». International Labor Review, 49, pp. 1-18.
  62. Harris, R. (1999) Slipping through the Cracks: The Origins of Aided Self-help Housing, 1918-53. Housing Studies, 14, pp. 281-309.
  63. Henderson, S.R. (1999) Self-help Housing in the Weimar Republic: The Work of Ernst May. Housing Studies, 14, pp. 311-328.

 


Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-50147 of 06.06.2012 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017