December 2017


«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 47 September 2014

History of architecture

Olokhova Olga P.

PhD student, Department of History, Theory and Teaching Methodology.
Research supervisor: Professor V.M.Kirillov, DSc. (History).
Nizhny-Tagil State Academy of Social Pedagogy Academy,
Nizhny-Tagil, Russia, e-mail: polite87@yandex.ru   


The author reviews the philosophical views of V.V. Kandinsky, K. S. Malevich, M. Z. Chagall, K.S. Melnikov concerning the historical role of the Russian Revolution in the revival of «Russian spirituality» in the new «socialist city». The context in the Soviet Union in the 1920s is shown to have been beneficial for creative debates in architectural studios, contributing to the creation of most interesting futuristic urban development projects in a search for new forms of architecture for the «ideal city». Reasons are analysed why these big ideas remained to be utopias and have never been implemented.

Key words: Soviet architecture, Soviet avant-garde, socialist city, utopia


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Russian text of this article

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