№58
June 2017
ISSN
1990-4126

Russian

«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 47 September 2014

History of architecture


Konysheva Evgeniya V.

PhD (Art Studies), Associate Professor,
Chair of Art and Culture Studies,
Southern Urals State University,
Chelyabinsk, Russia, e-mail: e_kon@mail.ru

EUROPEAN ARCHITECTS IN SOVIET PLANNING ORGANIZATIONS IN THE 1930s: EVOLUTION OF POSITIONS, ROLES AND INTERRELATIONS. Part 1. NEEDS AND OBJECTIVES


The article addresses the issue of employment of international experiences in design and construction in the USSR during the early five-year planning periods. The article touches upon the little-studied aspect of the problem, namely the status of European architects in Soviet planning organizations. Primarily, the author reviews and analyses data on the overall number of European architects staying in the USSR during the 1930s and their distribution across the planning organizations. Besides, the author examines the procedures that were used for recruiting professionals, selection principles, and tasks they were given. Finally, the article considers the evolution of the positions and roles occupied by European architects in the central and regional design organizations. Special attention is given to the evolution of relationships between Soviet and European specialists. The article is based on documents available in Russian and German archives.

Key words: European architects, first five-year planning periods, town-planning



References

  1. Andryushin, Е.А. (2012) From the History of the Labour Legislation of the USSR and the Policy of the Soviet Government in the Field Labour Resources. Мoscow^ Novy Khronograf.
  2. Siebenbrodt, М. Bauhaus Director Hannes Meyer, His Moscow Period of Activities as Instructor and Architect (1930–1936) [Online] Available from: http://www.kapitel-spb.ru/index.php/events/19-2011-03-28-12-03-59/49-zib...
  3. The Industrialisation of the Soviet Union. New documents. New facts. New approaches. (1999) Мoscow: IRI RAN.
  4. Kazus’, I.A. (2009) The 1920s Soviet Architecture: Organisation of Design Activity. Мoscow: Progress-Traditsiya.
  5. Kokkinaki, I.V. (1980) Soviet-German Architectural Ties in the Second Half of the 1920s. In: Relations between Russian and Soviet Art and German Art Culture. Мoscow: Nauka
  6. Kokkinaki, I.V. (1977) On Professional Contacts between Soviet and Dutch Architects during the Inter-War Period. In: Issues in History of Soviet Architecture: collected articles. No. 3. Мoscow.
  7. Konysheva, E.V. (2014) Perception of the European Experience in City Planning and Building in Soviet Russia in the 1920s – 1930s: Stages and Forms. In: Bulletin of Perm State University. Series: History. No. 2.
  8. Kinysheva, Е.V. A Communist and «Enemy of the People»: Architect Kurt Meyer in the USSR [Online] Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education. 2013. No. 41. Available from: http://archvuz.ru/2013_1/10
  9. Konysheva, E.V. (2014) The Projects of «Greater Moscow» (1931/1932) of German Architects: Sources, Influences, Transformations of Experiences. Arkhitekturnoye Nasledstvo. Мoscow. No. 60.
  10. Meerovich, М.G. The History of National Town-Planning. Girpogor (1929 – 1932) [Online]. Available from: http://archi.ru/agency/testing_news_current.html?nid=54884 (Part 1); http://archi.ru/agency/testing_news_current.html?nid=55034 (Part 2).
  11. Meerovich, М.G. (2011) In the Midst of the Battle of Titans [Online] Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education. No. 33. Available from: http://archvuz.ru/numbers/2011_1/01
  12. Meerovich, М.G. (2011) Ernst May: Rational Housing for Russia [Online] Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education. No. 36. Available from: http://archvuz.ru/numbers/2011_4/14
  13. Contemporary Building of Germany. The First Foreign Excursion of Civil Engineers and Architects. Мoscow, 1929.
  14. Blumenfeld, H. (1993) „Es sei denn, sie bauen eine humane Stadt“. Autobiographie 1892 – 1988. Basel, Berlin, Boston.
  15. Ernst May und das Neue Frankfurt 1925 – 1930. Berlin, 1986.
  16. Heumann, B. (1997) Jahrgang 1907: ein politischer Architekt. Autobiographien. Berlin.
  17. Junghanns, K. (1983) Bruno Taut 1880–1938. Berlin.
  18. Kreis, B (Hrsg.). (2006) Bruno Taut. Moskauer Briefe. 1932 – 1933. Berlin.
  19. Liebknecht, Kt.(1986) Mein bewegtes Leben. Berlin.
  20. Meyer, H. (1980) Bauen und Gesellschaft. Schriften, Briefe, Projekte. Dresden.
  21. Schütte-Lihotzky, M. (2004) Warum ich Architektin wurde. Salzburg.
  22. Shadowa, L. (1979) Hinnerk Scheper und Boris Ender im Maljarstroj. In: Wiss. Zeitschrift der HAB (Bauchaus). Weimar. No. 26, Heft 4/5. Р.323–327


Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-50147 of 06.06.2012 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017