June 2017


«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 46 June 2014

History of architecture

Olokhova Olga P.

PhD student, Department of History, Theory and Teaching Methodology.
Research supervisor: Professor V.M.Kirillov, DSc. (History).
Nizhny-Tagil State Academy of Social Pedagogy Academy,
Nizhny-Tagil, Russia, e-mail: polite87@yandex.ru   


The history of the concept of an ideal European city is considered. The Renaissance thinkers were the first to put forward the idea of a city in which everyone would be able to grow up and develop in harmony. The author adds to the little known history of Leonardo da Vinci as the architect of an ideal European city. The idea of creating a new ideal city fascinated many of the European rulers in the 16th to 18th century. Success in building ideal capitals was achieved by Louis XIV and Peter I, who engaged talented architects - Lenotre (Versailles) and his disciple Leblon (St. Petersburg). The reasons are given why the great ideas of the Renaissance architects were utopian and were not implemented. The «garden cities» of Lenotre and Leblon were the last brilliant attempts to realize the ideal Renaissance city of prosperity.

Key words: ideal city, Renaissance concept of ideal city, "garden city"


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Russian text of this article

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