№58
June 2017
ISSN
1990-4126

Russian

«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 45 March 2014

Theory of architecture


Lisitsyna Alexandra V.

PhD. (Architecture),
Associate Professor, Chair of Architectural Design.
Nizhny Novgorod State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering,
Nizhny Novgorod, Russia. e-mail: av_lisitcyna@mail.ru

THE HISTORICAL AND ARCHITECTURAL ENVIRONMENT OF THE MID-SIZED AND SMALL TOWNS IN THE NIZHNY-NOVGOROD REGION OF THE RIVER VOLGA AS A CULTURAL HERITAGE PHENOMENON


The purpose of the study is to show that the historical and architectural environment of the mid-sized and small towns in the Nizhny Novgorod region of the river Volga is a special phenomenon of the Russian cultural heritage. It presents a high social, historical and aesthetic value and is worthy of careful preservation and revival. We have examined two groups of factors that determine the formation and evolution of the historical and architectural environment – the historical context (factors of time) and regional conditions (factors of place). The authors have described the general properties of the historical and architectural environment inherent in most of the mid-sized and small Russian towns (compositional, spatial, environmental, aesthetic, socio-cultural aspects). Twenty historic towns have been chosen for the study, and these are differentiated as being "internal", "external" and "bordering" in relation to Nizhny Novgorod, the largest non-capital city of the European part of Russia. We have identified the features of the historical and architectural environment of each of the towns that determine their architectural peculiarity and make them deserving of conservation and development.

Key words: historical and architectural environment, mid-sized and small cities, cultural heritage, architecture of Nizhniy Novgorod region on the river Volga



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Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-50147 of 06.06.2012 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017