March 2018


«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 45 March 2014

Theory of architecture

Kuzmin Alexey S.

PhD student. 
Research supervisor: Professor V.I. Luchkova, PhD (Architecture),
Pacific National University,
Khabarovsk, Russia, e-mail: vostok-888@mail.ru  


The paper attempts to use the rich experience of traditional housing in modern architecture with reference to traditional residential buildings in China. The purpose of this study is to identify traditional housing development methods which, when applied to low-rise buildings, could improve residence qualities. The text contains brief analysis of the historical types of housing in China. The basic architectural features and principles of hosing design are identified, such as the presence of a courtyard, row housing arrangement, hierarchy of architectural elements, gradation of privacy, modularity, and orientation to the cardinal directions. Certain techniques and principles have been critically reviewed to identify their positive and negative characteristics, and recommendations are given concerning possible applications in architectural design.

Key words: architecture of China, Chinese traditional housing, siheyuan residence, row housing


  1. Gong Li (ed.) (2009) History of Folk Houses. Series: History of Chinese Civilization. Chinese Encyclopaedia Press.
  2. Steele, J.M. (2009) The Greenwood Encyclopaedia of Homes through World History. London: Greenwood Press.
  3. Brian Edwards, Magda Sibley, Mohamad Hakmi, and Peter Land. (eds.) (2006) Courtyard Housing. Past, Present and Future. New-York: Taylor & Francis.
  4. Sucheng, L. (1984) A Pictorial History of Chinese Architecture: A Study of the Development of its Structural System and the Evolution of its Types. Cambridge, Mass. and London: MIT Press.
  5. Qingxi, L. (2007) Traditional Architectural Culture of China. China Travel and Tourism Press.
  6. Luchkova, V.I. (2011) The History of Chinese City. Urban Planning, Architecture, Garden Art. Khabarovsk: Pacific State University. 2011. (in Russian)
  7. Titarenko, M.L. (ed.) (2006-2010) Spiritual Culture of China: Encyclopaedia in 5 vol. Institute of the Far East of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura. (in Russian)

Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-70832 of 30.08.2017 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017