№3(59)
September 2017
ISSN
1990-4126

Russian

«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 45 March 2014

History of architecture


Molodin Alexander V.

PhD (Architecture), Associate Professor. 
Novosibirsk State Academy of Architecture and Arts,
Novosibirsk, Russia, e-mail: avmolodin@gmail.com 

Molodin Vladimir V.

Professor, DSc. (Engineering).
Novosibirsk State Academy of Architecture and Arts,
Novosibirsk, Russia, e-mail: molodin@ngaha.ru

DEVELOPMENT OF THE TECHNOLOGY OF SOD CONSTRUCTION IN THE PROCESS OF SIBERIAN AND AMERICAN FRONTIERS MOVEMENTS OF THE 17th-19th CENTURIES


The article covers issues related to the development of the technology of soil, and, in particular, sod construction and its wide use during the American and Siberian frontier movements of the 17th-19th centuries. We examine the origins of the technology starting from Kukuten-Tripolskaya culture of the 10th-3rd centuries B.C. and before the beginning of the colonizing processes in Siberia and America. We analyse the reasons for the wide spread of the construction types under study at the stages of stabilization during the period of the Siberian and American frontier. We propose the notion of «plastyanka» for scientific usage, which is a small residential or auxiliary building made up of layers of sod, the material that was very widely used among Siberian settlers. The study also covers issues of modernization of the technology of sod construction with the purpose of improving use characteristics, including wall plastering and planking, introduction of a wooden carcass, and provision of a stone foundation.

Key words: history of architecture, construction technologies, sod construction, “plastyanka”



References

  1. Berg, A. (1989) Norske tømmerhus frå mellomalderen. Landbruksforlaget. Vol. I. Oslo.
  2. Fast, G. (2012) In den Steppen Sibiriens von Gerhard Fast von Samenkorn. P.245
  3. Sorochin, V. (2004) Așezările cucuteniene tip Soloceni [Soloceni type Cucuteni villages]. Memoria Antiqvitatis (Piatra Neamț, Romania: Muzeul de Istorie Piatra Neamț (Historical Museum Piatra Neamț)) 23: P.167–202.
  4. Stine Ingstad, A. (2001) The Excavation of a Norse Settlement at L'Anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland. In: Helge Ingstad and Anne Stine Ingstad. The Viking Discovery of America. New York: Checkmark. P. 141–169.
  5. Wahlgren, E. (1986, 2000) The Vikings and America. London: Thames & Hudson Ltd.
  6. Danilevsky, V.V. (1939) On the Forgotten Technology of Sod Construction. Vestnik Voenno-Inzhenernoy Akademii RKKA im. V.V. Kuibysheva. Issue 25. Collected papers on fortification. Мoscow.
  7. Smirnova, T.B. (2012) Ethnography of Russian Germans. Мoscow: MSNK-Press.


Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-70832 of 30.08.2017 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017