March 2018


«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 44 December 2013

History of architecture

Asmankina Valentina A.

PhD student.
Research supervisor: Professor M.G. Meyerovich, DSc. (History).
Irkutsk State Technical University,
Irkutsk, Russia, e-mail: v.asmankina@mail.ru

Meerovich Mark G.

DSc (History), DSc (Architecture),
Professor, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Civil Engineering,
Corresponding Member of the International Academy of Architecture.
Irkutsk State Technical University,
Irkutsk, Russia, e-mail: memark@inbox.ru


The article considers two most typical forms of classicist decor realized in wood: triglyphs and brackets. The study is the first of its kind to systematize triglyphs and brackets by a number of key features: a) proportions – the external form/profile, b) decorative design, c) location on the facade. They are brought into classification groups, each of which is given a brief characteristic. The research procedure is based on comprehensive collection, examination and analysis of pre-revolutionary and modern-day sources: written and graphic archival materials, texts, and results of field surveys with photofixation and graphic analysis.

Key words: classicism, 19th century wooden architecture of Irkutsk, triglyphs, brackets


  1. Wooden Irkutsk. (2010) A Guide/Album. Photos by I.Berzhinsky, text by A.Garashchenko, Е.Ladeishchikova, L.Basnina, I.Kalinina. Irkutsk: Zemlya Irkutskaya. (in Russian)
  2. Meyerovich, М.G. (2013) The Six Styles of Wooden Irkutsk: Siberian Baroque, Classicism, Art Nouveaux, Non-Attributed Forms. Part. I. [Online] Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education Institutions, No. 42. Available from: http://archvuz.ru/2013_2/41 (in Russian)
  3. Mikhailovsky, I. B. (1940) Theories of Classical Architectural Forms. Moscow: All-Union Academy of Architecture Publishing. (in Russian)
  4. Ogly, B.I. (1982) Irkutsk: On the Plan and Architecture of the City. Irkutsk: Eastern Siberian Book Publishing House. (in Russian)
  5. Orlova, Е. (2009) The Stylish «Wood» of Irkutsk. Oblastnaya, No. 045 (470). 24 April (in Russian)
  6. Pilyavsky, V.I., Tits, A.A. and Ushakov, Yu.S. (2004) History of Russian Architecture: a textbook for higher schools. Moscow: Arkhitektura-S. (in Russian)
  7. A 19th Century Monument of Architecture – Residential House in 6 Bortsov Revolutsii Street. Design Documentation. Section: Field surveys (measurement drawings). The Archive of the Irkutsk Region Heritage Conservation Service. Vol. II. Code I – 89/1. Moscow, 1989 (in Russian)

Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-70832 of 30.08.2017 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017