№3(59)
September 2017
ISSN
1990-4126

Russian

«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 44 December 2013

Theory of architecture


Shipitsyna Olga A.

PhD (Architecture), Professor, Chair of Theory of Architecture and Professional Communication,
Ural State Academy of Architecture and Arts,
Ekaterinburg, Russia, e-mail: oshipits@usaaa.ru

HISTORY OF URAL INDUSTRIAL ARCHITECTURE FROM THE STANDPOINT OF MODERN METHODOLOGY


Proceeding from theoretical consideration of available historical knowledge on Ural industrial architecture necessity, the article states he need to use contemporary methodology of historical research for establishing a new direction which should allow the specifics of architectural culture present in the Ural factory complexes to be identified. Out of the variety of concepts proposed for heritage studies by contemporary architectural history we have chosen an emerging theory of the architectural process in which emphasis is shifted from anecdotal history to cause and effect relationships in the evolution of industrial architecture in the Urals.

The principal outcome of this research is a model for the history of industrial architectural in the Urals, which confirms the hypothesis that it is the architectural ensemble that was of major importance for this regional architectural system. As a result, the evolution of Ural industrial architecture is presented in this model as resulting from a change of the dominating type of architectural ensemble with previously generated types retained. The establishment of this basic pattern has allowed us to reveal periods of qualitative changes in Ural industrial architecture, which occurred every hundred years: in the early 19th century, leading to the creation of factory architectural ensemble, and in the early 20th century, leading to the creation of a basically new type – industrial ensemble. The proposed history model sets a new direction in historical research into Ural industrial architecture, in which emphasis is shifted on studying specific features in the evolution of ensembles in the context of reconstruction of concrete industrial enterprises.

Key words: Ural industrial architecture, modern methodology of history of architecture, theory of architectural process, architectural ensemble, industrial ensemble



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Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-70832 of 30.08.2017 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017