№58
June 2017
ISSN
1990-4126

Russian

«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 43 September 2013

Theory of architecture


Mastalerzh Natalia A

PhD student.
Research supervisor:
Associate Professor V.M. Melnikova, PhD (Architecture),
Samara State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering,
Samara, Russia, e-mail: nat.mastalerzh@gmail.com

THE CONCEPT OF PUBLIC SPACE AS A STRUCTURAL ELEMENT OF URBAN ENVIRONMENT


The term “public space” is mostly used in relation to specific urban sites such as square, street or park, where public life typically takes place. The evolution of public areas indicates a high social significance of such places, which maintain the continuity of important urban processes such as reproduction of culture and formation of civil society. In modern-day conditions, a highly urbanized environment is getting filled with patterns of public life, so public space can no longer be considered only in the context of square or park, but presents a developing network throughout the entire urban fabric.

The author has studied the lifestyle of citizens in a large historical city with the aim to identify its areas of social activity. The social and cultural variety of lifestyles in a city is an important characteristic of the phenomenon of city proper, whereby the way the citizens utilize an urban area is a clear indicator of its functioning. The analysis has revealed various examples of public buildings, recreational facilities, streets, “meeting points” and even whole areas that can be qualified as “public space” as a structural element of an urban environment.

Key words: urban centre, public space, city environment, urbanisation, city core



References

  1. The Berlage Institute research report No. 10: Light Capital. Urban scripts for Ljubljana. – Rotterdam: Berlage Institute, 2006.
  2. Kogan, L.B. (1982) Socio-Cultural Functions of the City and the Spatial Environment. Мoscow: Stroyizdat.
  3. Hajer, M., Reijndorp, A. (2001) In search of new public domain. Rotterdam: Nai Publishers.
  4. Sudjic, D. (1995) The 100 Mile City. London: Andre Deutsch.
  5. Неrzog, L.A. (2006) Return to the Center. Austin: University of Texas Press.
  6. Lofland, L. (1998) The Public Realm. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.
  7. Variations on a theme park: the new American city and the end of public space (1992), ed. by M. Sorokin. – Hill and Wang
  8. Aureli, P. V., Tattara, M. (2009) Impediments. Grammar of the City. Project International. Мoscow. No.15.


Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-50147 of 06.06.2012 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017