March 2018


«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 43 September 2013

History of architecture

Bugaeva Natalia I.

PhD (Art Studies),
Associate Professor, Chair of Fundamentals of Architectural Design,
Ural State Academy of Architecture and Arts,
Ekaterinburg, Russia, e-mail: bni42@mail.ru


The Ural city of Nizhni Tagil was founded in the early 18th century. In the same century, its first square appeared the dike before the entrance to the iron-making mill. The image of the main square changed with the growth of the factory settlement, and by the mid-19th century it turned in an architectural ensemble.

By the mid-20th century, the residential part of Nizhni Tagil grew considerably, and the settlement turned into an industrial city. It is at that time that a new main city square was laid out between the original iron-making mill and the new 20th century metal works. The choice of the location was due to the hilly terrain. Raised to a considerable height, the square occupied a site near the water front of the Nizhni Tagil lake. It was named "Theatre Square" because it accommodates a theatre named after the Ural writer D.N.Mamin-Sibiryak and a sculptural monument to the father and son Cherepanovs, inventors of steam locomotive. The images of the well-known Ural writer and the steam locomotive inventors in the composition of the Theatre Square ensemble are there to reflect the special value of creativity associated with the humanistic origins of the Ural cultural history.

Key words: architecture of Nizhni Tagil, an architectural heritage of the Urals, architectural ensemble, architecture monuments


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  3. Alferov, N.S. and Lotareva, R. М. (1967) The Specific Features of the Architectural Planning Structure of the Ural Industrial Cities. Izvestiya Vuzov, No. 7.
  4. Dobreytsina, Л.Ye. (2002) The Artistic Life of Nizhny Tagil in the First Half of the 20th Century: Author’s summary of PhD dissertation (Cultural Studies). Saint-Petersburg.

Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-70832 of 30.08.2017 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017