March 2018


«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 43 September 2013

Theory of architecture

Vlasov Victor G.

DSc (Art Studies), Professor, Chair of History of West European Art,
Saint-Petersburg State University,
Saint-Petersburg, Russia, e-mail: natlukina@list.ru


The article considers issues in the theory of composition and form in various fine arts, as well as in «material creativity»: architecture, arts and crafts, and design. The author reviews the categories of tectonics, architectonics, engineering design, and composition. It is essentially important that laws of compositional architectonics in different "plastic arts» are born and are historically processed in the domain of architecture. The author emphasizes the special form-generation role of architectural space, and its functions and properties. An attempt is made to model a uniform system of terminology, typology and methods of research in the architectonic form in different arts. Such a system should play an important part in the "integration" of contemporary technological aesthetic activities into the traditional system of humanitarian values.

Phenomenologically, the architectonic form is justly considered not only as something whole in its complete condition but also as a process of development of stable relationships between various «structural aspects». The form of an artwork is an artistic visual representation of reality, «skimming» the temporal dimension and turning time into spatial relationships between compositional elements. The establishment of compositional relationships occurs on three basic levels: formations of generation of the idea of the composition, harmonisation of the form (in design it is utilitarian-aesthetic form generation, or designing) and artistic visual thinking.

The development of a theory of metaphoricity of architectonic form should give a positive direction to discussion concerning whether architecture and design are kinds of art creativity or are a separate area of "material creativity» that combines the architectonic, functional, utilitarian-functional and artistic visual-modes of thinking.


Key words: architecture theory, architectonic form, form generation


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Russian text of this article

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