№3(59)
September 2017
ISSN
1990-4126

Russian

«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 42 June 2013

Theory of architecture


Babina Elena A.

PhD student, Ural State Academy of Architecture and Arts.
Research supervisor: Associate Professor M.N. Divakova, PhD (Architecture),
Ural State Academy of Architecture and Arts,
Ekaterinburg, Russia, e-mail: zhavoronkova_e@list.ru

THE PAST, THE PRESENT AND THE FUTURE OF URBAN PEDESTRIAN AREAS


Streets as a special type of city space are subordinate to the requirements of time and the needs of society, acquiring various forms and meanings.

For centuries, city areas have been dominated by pedestrians. Streets corresponded to the range of pedestrians routes. Historical changes affected the Renaissance cities, and new principles emerged in town-planning.

Dynamic street transformations along with the growth of cities were especially evident during the Modern period (16th – 17th centuries)

By the early 18th century, the random character of the cities came to be quickly replaced by the dominance of mainly two patterns of urban growth: the regular plan, developed by the French architects based on the Renaissance principles, and the structural approach, characteristic of the acolytes of English traditions.

The spontaneous industrialisation of the 19th century endangered the landscape framing and orderliness of the cities. With the advent of the car, the city environment is getting adapted to it, and in the 1980s the automobile expansion in Europe reached a critical level and the cities were becoming increasingly less suitable for living. The public started reviving pedestrian lines, and this process is now gaining momentum, but it seems to be creating a boomerang effect.

The beginning of the new millennium is marked by a new search for rational interactions between man, technology and nature in the urban context.

The future of the city territories may be viewed as a space that allows man, transport, nature and technologies to comfortably co-exist. This principle should be the basis of a town-planning concept according to which the new architecture will be pierced by pedestrian spaces, transit transport lines and green plantings.

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Key words: pedestrian streets, European urbanization, sustainable development, models of pedestrian spaces


Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-70832 of 30.08.2017 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017