№58
June 2017
ISSN
1990-4126

Russian

«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 42 June 2013

Urban studies


Ziyatdinov Zufar Z.

PhD. (Architecture), Chief Project Architect.
ZAO «Penzagrazhdanproyect»,
Penza, Russia, e-mail: zzz@penzagp.ru

JUSTIFICATION OF TYPES AND HEIGHT OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN SMALL CITIES TAKING INTO ACCOUNT THE SECOND DWELLING


Up until today preference in the design of residential housing in small and medium-sized cities has been given to five-storey blocks of flats. The five-storey blocks have not been considered in relation to allotments and country houses surrounding such cities. In small cities, the proportion of home owners who also own a second dwelling among the tenants of blocks of flats is 20–30 % higher than in large and metropolitan cities. A technical and economic comparison has been carried out with regard to nonrecurring and maintenance costs and social outcomes involved in four alternative variants of block of flats. Variant А – 5-storey prefab panel 4-section 60-flat block of flats, Series 90, and second countryside dwellings belonging to the tenants of such 5-storey blocks; variant B – detached single-family one-storey houses, Series 90, on a plot of land of 600-800 sq.m (assuming that 10% of owners of detached houses would buy an allotment); C – terraced one- or two-storey houses with a smallholding of 300-400 sq.m (55% of such owners would have a second dwelling); D – 9-storey prefab panel 6-section 216-flat blocks of of flats, Series 90 (practically all families in 9-storey blocks own a second countryside dwelling).

The results show that low-rise housing with personal plots of 600–800 sq. m does not cause the overall need for a second dwelling, and, thus, is the preferable variant in small and medium-sized cities by the criterion of nonrecurring and maintenance costs, as well as social outcomes in comparison with multi-storeyed blocks of flats, the tenants of which tend to acquire a second dwelling in the countryside.

Bibliography

1. Markov, Е. М, Butuzova, V. P, and Taratynov, V. A. (1998) Small cities in settlement systems. Мoscow: Stroyizdat.

2. Rodin, Yu.М., Sergeyev, A. F. (1989) Millions of house-warming parties. Мoscow: Stroyizdat.

3. Pereshein, V. (2006) The special place of small cities. RF Segodnya, No. 19.

Key words: country houses, houses in collective allotments, architecture gardening associations


Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-50147 of 06.06.2012 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017