№58
June 2017
ISSN
1990-4126

Russian

«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 41 March 2013

Theory of architecture


Gavrikov Denis S.

Methodologist.
Center of Competence The architecture and construction technology,
Building College № 26,
Moscow, Russia, e-mail: denis.gawrikow@gmail.com

 

THE ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS OF TIMBER-FRAMED ARCHITECTURE


Abstract

Timber framed-architecture with its centuries-long history and environmental friendliness fully complies with the sustainable development concept, thus "shaking hands" with the future. The current realities on the Russian property market, where timber framing is experiencing its third wave of popularity in history, makes it essential to study timber-framed architecture in depth.

The purpose of this study is to assess the environmental potential of timber-framed building technology and architecture.

The materials used in the traditional timber-framed structural system are safe for humans and environment, and therefore timber framing has become topical again.

Timber-framing should be considered as one of the instances of a positive solution to the video-ecological problem. Its architectural forms are not in conflict with the nature and mirror the human scale. This building system, which gave a beginning to specific forms of construction, has naturally outlined architectural stylistics. We may state that the majority of historical and contemporary timber-framed constructions are «video-ecologically neutral». Nevertheless, the nature-likeness of timber framing is obvious: it reminds of a pattern created by an interlacing of branches of foliage trees, which is particularly obvious in winter.

Timber-framed architecture may undoubtedly be referred to the category of "sustainable". Timber-framed building technology meets the criteria of both biospheric compatibility and sustainable architecture. A timber-framed house may be categorised as the so-called «healthy building». As is known, the term "healthy" is applied to a building in which priority in relation to energy-saving technologies is given to solutions that both improve indoor microclimate and protect the environment, being constructed with the use of non-polluting building materials.

Meanwhile, human beings exist in an air and land environment. Timber-framed architecture with its low-rise and mid-rise scales matches this characteristic in an optimal way, and it may be categorized as biosphere-compatible.

Thus, timber-framed architecture features a number of advantages with regard to visual and building ecology. This building technology may be considered as relevant to the present-day context for its full conformity to the criteria of sustainable development and biospheric compatibility.

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Key words: timber framing, timber-framed structures, video ecology


Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-50147 of 06.06.2012 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017