March 2018


«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 41 March 2013

Theory of architecture

Volichenko Olga V.

PhD (Architecture) Associate Professor, Department of Architecture,
Kyrgyz State University of Civil Engineering, Transport and Architecture,
Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan



The architecture of Central Asia has experienced the influence of western mainstream avant-garde architecture. Reviewing the processes that have been taking place in the world over the last decade, we can find remarkable specimens of architectural creativity in such countries as the USA, China, Japan, France, Germany, Italy, Scandinavia, Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, the United Arabian Emirates, etc. Some of these developments have found their way into the architecture of some of the Central Asian countries. This has not been accidental: such architecture celebrities as Norman Foster, Zaha Hadid, Daniel Libeskind, Rem Koolhaas, Santiago Calatrava, Bernard Tschumi, Peter Eisenman, Manfredi Nicoletti, Eric Moos, Stern, etc. willingly offer their projects to almost all countries of this region. N. Nazarbayev, president of Kazakhstan, demonstrates a special predilection for "star" architects. Such complexes as the National Library, Khan Shatyr, the Palace of Peace and Harmony, the International Airport, the Concert Hall in Astana; the Republic Square and the Marriott Hotel Almaty are good examples of the 21st century avant-garde architecture not only regionally, but also internationally. Widely acclaimed as an example of contemporary ‘symbiosis’ in the cooperation between architects internationally is the creativity of the Japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa, who won the bid for developing a master plan for the capital of Kazakhstan.

The 21st century avant-garde architecture includes three popular mainstreams: nonlinear architecture (hypersuprematism, neosuprematism, surrealist architecture/sculpture), digital architecture (digital verticalism, megastructuralism, expressive structuralism, atectonic shells, temporal fold, digital grotesque, anthropomorphic metaphor), and fractal architecture (archiorganics, homogeneous fractality, iterative fractality, aqua-architecture).


  1. Omuraliev, D., Volichenko, О. (2012) Mainstreams in latest architecture. Bishkek. 
  2. Dobritsina, I.A. (2004) From Postmodernism to Nonlinear Architecture. Moscow: Progess-Traditsiya. 
  3. Khan-Magomedov, S. O. (2001) Soviet Avant-Garde Architecture. Moscow: Stroyizdat. 
  4. Zhadova, L.А. (1983) Suprematistic Order. In: Questions in the History of Soviet Architecture, issue 6. Moscow: TsNIITIA.
  5. Isayeva, V.V., Kasyanov, N.V. (2006) Fractality of Natural and Architectural Forms. Vestnik DVO RAN, No. 5, p. 119-127.
  6. Dobritsyna, I. A. (2007) From «Lattice» to «Fractal». The Influence of Ideas of Nonlinear Science on Architectural and Town-Planning Thinking. In: Bondarenko, I. A. (ed.). (2007) Town-Planning Art: New Materials and Studies. Issue 1. Moscow: KomKniga.
  7. Knyazeva, E. N., Kurdyumov, S.P. (2007) Synergetics. Nonlinearity of Time and Coevolution Landscapes. Moscow: KomKniga.
  8. Vityuk, Е. Yu. Application of Theory of Fractals in Architecture. [Online]. Available at: http://gisap.eu/ru/fractal-theory
  9. Pavlikova, А. (2008) James Law’s Cybertecture Experiments. Vysotnye Zdaniya, No.4, p. 72.
  10. Bionics and Environmentality in the Architecture of the Future. [Online]. Available at: http://www.s-sm.ru/main/articles/arhitektura_buduchego 
  11. Jencks, Ch. (2003) The Garden of Cosmic Speculation. London: Frances Lincoln Limited.
  12. Omuraliev, D., Volichenko, О. (2012) Cutting Edge Architecture of Central Asia. Bishkek.

Key words: mainstream, avant-garde, nonlinear architecture, digital architecture, fractal architecture

Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-70832 of 30.08.2017 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017