March 2018


«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 41 March 2013

History of architecture

Zarochintseva Olga V.

PhD student,
Chair of Town Planning.
Moscow Architectural Institute,
Moscow, Russia, e-mail: zarolga@mail.ru



The purpose of this study is to review the growth of the city around the monastery and the changing role of the monastery over time, and to define its place in today’s city context. The author has examined the social, cultural and material context of the city, analysed the maps and identified the place of the monastery in the city fabric, as well as the role of the monastery in today’s city context. Sergiev Posad is a symbol city, a symbol of Orthodox Faith. It originated and developed around the Holy Trinity monastery (Lavra since 1744), and the connection between the city and the monastery has always been was very strong. A review of literary and graphic materials on the monastery and city plans has shown that to Holy Trinity-St.Sergius Lavra influenced the city plan since the origin of a settlement around it throughout the entire history. The monastery has always been a spiritual centre (attracting a lot of pilgrims), a centre of culture and education (for centuries, Lavra has been collecting a unique library and accommodated the Moscow Spiritual Academy since the early 19th century; the monastery gave origin to local handicrafts and ran a school of crafts). Also, the monastery had a strong impact on the physical environment of the settlement (it was only the monastery that erected stone buildings in the city till the second half of the 19th century). During the Soviet period, spiritual life in Sergiev Posad was stopped, with the monastery nationalised and closed down. Today, after the reopening of the monastery in 1991, it is justly considered to be the principal spiritual and educational centre of Russia (still accommodating the Spiritual Academy, running a library, a printing house, and conducting missionary work among visually and hearing impaired children; the monastery assisted in setting up an orthodox grammar school in Sergiev Posad). Today Sergiev Posad is positioned as a centre of tourism and religious pilgrimage.


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  2.  Baldin, V.I. (1981) Zagorsk: history of the city and its plan. Moscow: Stroyizdat.
  3. Ilyin, M.A. (1967) Zagorsk. Holy Trinity-St.Sergius Monastery: Album. Moscow: Sovetsky Khudozhnik.
  4. Rutkvoskaya, L.A. (1996) Cities of the Russian Empire: Reference Book: as of 1.01.1914 with information on them as of 1.01.1987. Saint-Petersburg: BLIZ.
  5. Sergiev Posad: Reference Map (1995) Moscow: Roskartograpfiya.
  6. Pages of History. Monastery–Settlement–City [Online]. My Zagorsk. Events and People. My Sergiev Posad. History and Modernity. Available at: http://gorod-zagorsk.ru  
  7. Baldin, V.I. (1996) Holy Trinity-St.Sergius Monastery. History and formation of the architectural ensemble. In: Baldin, V.I., Manushina, T.N. (1996) Holy Trinity-St.Sergius Lavra. Architectural ensemble and 14th-17th century old Russian art collections. Moscow: Nauka, 1996. [Online]. «RUSARCH» Library. Available at: http://www.rusarch.ru/baldin1.htm  
  8. Sergiev Posad municipal district of Moscow Oblast. History, territory, population [Online]. SERGIEV POSAD.RU. Information Web-Site of Sergiev Posad District. Available at: http://www.sergiev-posad.ru/gorod/
  9. Master Plan of Sergiev Posad [Online]. Administration of Sergiev Posad. Available at: http://www.sergiev-posad.net/work/genplan

Key words: monasteries, monastery village, Sergiev Posad, Holy Trinity-St.Sergius Lavra

Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-70832 of 30.08.2017 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017