March 2018


«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 40 December 2012

History of architecture

Bugaeva Natalia I.

PhD (Art Studies),
Associate Professor, Chair of Fundamentals of Architectural Design,
Ural State Academy of Architecture and Arts,
Ekaterinburg, Russia, e-mail: bni42@mail.ru


Nizhniy Tagil, one of the oldest cities in the Urals founded in 1722, has gone through a number of stages in its history. The second third of the 20th century and its architectural heritage feature complexity and diversity. Remaining from that period are constructivist monuments and structures that were a continuation of the artistic principles inherent in the preceding periods of the history of architecture.

For the purpose of identifying the specific features and manifestations of their mutual influence the author has reviewed structures pertaining to the same type (residential buildings, hotels and recreation centres), differing in composition and style.

The author comes to the conclusion that the architectural heritage of the second third of the 20th century displays different compositional principles and forms reflecting the aspiration to symbolize the ideals of technological progress on the one hand, and tendency to reconstruct the residential and public environments inspired by the ideals of humanistic art of the past. The implementation of these two ideals of environmental arrangement ran in a particularly striking way as these art processes occurred in the context of large-scale industrial construction of war-time and post-war mills.

The polarisation of artistic ideas and reconstruction of dramatically different ideals in creativity have led to the emergence of architecture works inspired by different artistic aspirations as it happened in Nizhniy Tagil in the second third of the 20th century. Nevertheless, the author comes to the conclusion that, despite distinctions between artistic ideas, the integrity of cultural development was retained, ensured by the very nature of artistic creativity.

Key words: architecture of Nizhniy Tagil, Ural architectural heritage

Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-70832 of 30.08.2017 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017