№3(59)
September 2017
ISSN
1990-4126

Russian

«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 39 September 2012

Theory of architecture


Barantseva Elena V.

PhD student, Moscow Architectural Institute.
Research supervisor: Professor N.G.Blagovidova, PhD (Architecture),
Moscow Architectural Institute,
Moscow, Russia, e-mail: aaz-z@mail.ru

SPECIFIC FEATURES IN THE SPATIAL PLANNING SOLUTIONS AND FUNCTIONAL STRUCTURE OF SPIRITUAL EDUCATION CENTERS


A spiritual education centre presents a multipurpose building or a group of buildings in a church territory. Such a centre would be engaged in a variety of activities in the parish, first of all, the educational work of Russian Orthodox Church. Spiritual education centres include, as a rule, catechization courses, a library, a lecture hall, youth organisations, various study groups, clubs, and studios. Spiritual education centres operate in both adapted buildings, such as church and monastic structures transferred to the Church, and newly-built buildings. In Russia, such centres started to appear first in the 1990s. The period of extensive construction of spiritual education centres fell on the second half of 2000s, and it is still going on. A new multipurpose project in a church territory leads to changes in the composition of its site and complication of spatial relations between the buildings. The spiritual education centre has come to rank second after the church on the church site. The majority of spiritual education centres have a similar range of premises, and floor area ratios depend on which activity is a priority in the parish. The prominent feature of contemporary church architecture is the constructions of cathedral complexes and multipurpose buildings and integration of the church with other buildings in the church territory. New building trends suggest that the network of such centres will be expanding, responding to the current tendency to integration and multifunctionality among public buildings.

Key words: spiritual education centres, functional structure, architectural composition


Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-70832 of 30.08.2017 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017