№3(59)
September 2017
ISSN
1990-4126

Russian

«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 39 September 2012

City as ecosystem


Tiganova Irina A.

PhD student. Ural Federal University.
Research supervisor: Dr.-Eng. V.G. Schaufler, PhD. (Engineering),
Ural Federal University,
Ekaterinburg, Russia, e-mail: tiganova.gs.urfu@mail.ru

THE EFFECT OF UTILITIES AT CONSTRUCTGION SITES ON THE WATER BALANCE OF TECHNOGENIC LANDSCAPES


The article considers issues in reducing the adverse effect of town-planning activities on the environment; design methods ensuring ecological equilibrium at technogenic landscapes; optimisation of utility systems to ensure the maintenance of the natural water balance in areas being built up.

The author proposes a classification of technogenic landscapes (i.e. newly built up territories) using three categories according to tendencies in their subsequent moisture-content conditions: underflooded; stable; drying, and a classification of site development methods:
- B- with a set of improvement elements to drain water from the precipitation area, preventing infiltration and, thus, reducing the risk of underflooding;
- B0 with a standard (classical) set of improvement elements;
- B+ with compensatory measures to retain precipitations.

Building projects in Russia are assessed, as a rule, in terms of their effect on the environment by the method of maximum permissible concentrations of emissions. The article proposes an ecological method of designing the engineering improvements based on ensuring a natural water balance in areas being built up. Depending on the type of improvement, recommendations are proposed to optimize compensatory measures.

Key words: engineering development, technogenic changes in landscapes, water balance of area, surface drainage system, compensatory measures


Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-70832 of 30.08.2017 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017