March 2018


«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 39 September 2012

Theory of architecture

Vlasov Victor G.

DSc (Art Studies), Professor, Chair of History of West European Art,
Saint-Petersburg State University,
Saint-Petersburg, Russia, e-mail: natlukina@list.ru


The article sets out the principles of multidimensional analysis as applied to issues in the typology of architectural compositions. The concept of composition implies integrity and internal organisation, which manifest themselves at several hierarchically related levels. Accordingly, there are requirements to be defined concerning the methodology of its studying in various historical and cultural contexts. Any work of architecture should be considered by identifying and then combining the material, functional and historical approaches. The author considers the categories of form generation and interactions between them with reference to the historical development of architecture. Thus, in antiquity the compositional integrity was determined by local traditions of materials processing, planning and structural solutions, and specifics in the use of the order system rather than by general stylistic categories. Distinctions between forms in medieval architecture were due to cult and customer requirements. During the classical epoch, compositions were dictated by the standards of this or that area of art, style or school. A school of art is a form that fully embodies the historical and territorial cultural generalities, but it mainly reflects the local specificity of artistic processes. Schools are conservative, whilst styles are perspective. Generally, the concept of "school" expresses the topographical criterion more than the chronological one. Nevertheless, the integrity of the chronotope is maintained. The article sets basic criteria of historical self-determination of art schools. The author proposes a model of architectural composition typology which includes the categories of theme, motive, genre and genre form of artworks. Any interpretation of architectural composition should follow the following scheme: type of architectural space, planning structure, form generation method, structural system, harmonisation techniques, analysis of separate elements and decorative techniques, technology, and materials.

Key words: architectural composition, systems approach, style, modelling, typology, form generation, art school

Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-70832 of 30.08.2017 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017