№3(59)
September 2017
ISSN
1990-4126

Russian

«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 37 March 2012

Theory of architecture


Shipitsyna Olga A.

PhD (Architecture), Professor, Chair of Theory of Architecture and Professional Communication,
Ural State Academy of Architecture and Arts,
Ekaterinburg, Russia, e-mail: oshipits@usaaa.ru

THE UNIQUE INDUSTRIAL ENSEMBLE IN KUSHVA: HISTORY OF CREATION AND CONSERVATION CONCEPT


The article presents the history of the unique industrial ensemble of Kushva Factory based on extensive historical material. Research has shown that it followed in its development the basic regularities observed in Ural industrial architecture. Thus, examination of functional, technological, spatial and aesthetic characteristics of Kushva Factory has enabled us to identify the following sequence of changes in the status of this industrial enterprise as an ensemble: first it emerged as an architectural ensemble of blast-furnace production facilities, then it transformed into an industrial ensemble of metallurgical facilities, which was followed by the creation of an industrial ensemble of mining and metallurgy facilities.

The study has revealed specific features in the emergence of Kusvha as a town-planning ensemble consisting of Kushva Factory industrial ensemble and the spatial ensemble of the historical centre, suggesting a concept of conservation of the cultural and industrial heritage of this town. This concept provides for simultaneous demonstration of two interconnected evolutionary lines in the historical process of Kushva and makes it possible to go from protection of individual monuments of industrial culture and architecture on to the conservation of whole complexes of buildings and structures in Ural cities and towns. Allowing for specific features in the development of specific factories would contribute to the recovery of the diversity of the Ural historical architectural environment.

Key words: architectural ensemble, industrial ensemble, industrial ensemble, Kushva Factory, conservation concept


Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-70832 of 30.08.2017 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017