June 2017


«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 37 March 2012

Theory of architecture

Vitiuk Ekaterina Yu.

PhD (Architecture), Assistant Pro-Rector for Research,
Ural State Academy of Architecture and Arts,
Ekaterinburg, Russia, e-mail: veu@usaaa.ru


Today we are witnessing powerful progression of sciences towards a general scientific methodology, a universal method that would enable natural sciences and the humanities to identify a "common idiom". Synergetics, having its origins in natural sciences, may provide just such an idiom.

Synergetics has become a product of reflections in different subject domains. Inspired by predecessors and contemporaries, synergetic proponents aspire to find invisible «commanding associations between the contours and the scents of a flower» 1 which are capable of establishing a single universal idiom for disparate disciplines. This is a general methodology based on integral knowledge. Its penetration into architecture has led to a change in architectural thinking and to a different approach to design.

Synthesis of sciences has since long been a hypothesis in architecture, architecture itself combining art and technology. There are lots of works by well-known theoreticians who identified similarity among plant growth processes and building construction, i.e. architectonic principles. Contemporary architectural projects include energy- efficient buildings, «smart houses», and structures based on fractal form generation. This is happening largely owing to progress in science and technology whereby novel building technologies and materials are developed allowing architects to realise their most daring ideas. However, the urban fabric that has become very sophisticated dictates new rules for setting a project in a built environment: this process should be precisely designed, allowing for the current urban infrastructure and for linkages, both existing and probable in the course of further transformations. This approach implies the need to maintain the integrity of urban environment, which is directly associated with the idea of sustainability in architecture.

Changes that are happening in architectural theory and practice based on the synergetics approach and transdisciplinary continuities clearly point to the emergence of a new paradigm and further development of the synergetic approach in architecture as a new method of both form production (fractal) and analysis of urban environments and prediction of their emergence, "life" and "death".

1 A line from the poem «Sonnet to Form» by Valery Bryusov.

Key words: synergetics, fractal, holism, form production, radical architectural idea

Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-50147 of 06.06.2012 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017