March 2018


«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 37 March 2012

History of architecture

Lemytskaya Darya Ye.

PhD student,
Research supervisor: Professor A.V.Slabukha PhD (Architecture),
Institute of Architecture and Design Siberian Federal University,
Krasnoyarsk, Russia

Slabukha Alexander V.

PhD (Architecture), Professor,
Head of Chair of Architectural Design.
Institute of Architecture and Design, Siberian Federal University,
Krasnoyarsk, Russia


The article reviews the formation of Abakan, the capital of the Republic of Khakassia, in the period from the 1920s to the date of the first master plan of the city approved in 1967.

The objectives of this study were to identify the sources that contributed to the form and plan of Abakan and to consistently describe the architectural and spatial development of the city up until the adoption of the first master plan.

The article identifies settlements that determined the planning structure of the city of Abakan; and examines and describes the architectural and planning changes in the city.

The material of the article is analyzed from two standpoints: the settlement planning structure; and the architectural and spatial environment of the city.

1. The section «Formation of City Planning Structure» presents the results of studying and analysing all known design materials relating to the city since the 1920s to the date of the first master plan. Detailed examination of the design documents enabled us to identify the basic town-planning idea of Abakan, i.e. a regular plan with a network of parallel streets extending strictly from north to south and from west to east, crossing at right angles.

2. The section «Formation of Architectural and Spatial Environment» describes architectural projects characteristic of each of the period under consideration, and the spatial environment. The architectural and spatial environment of Abakan in the 1920-1960s is found to have been progressing from wooden one or two-storied smallholding buildings to first stone public buildings with two to four stories.

Key words: architectural-spatial development of the city, town-planning, city plan, architecture of Abakan

Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-70832 of 30.08.2017 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017