№58
June 2017
ISSN
1990-4126

Russian

«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 36 December 2011

Theory of architecture


Skoblitskaya Yulia A.

post-graduate student, Research supervisor: Professor G.A.Trukhacheva Institute of Architecture and Art, Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia

THE EVOLUTION OF RUSSIAN HIGH-RISE HOUSING COMPLEXES WITH SERVICES


Housing has always featured an interrelation of a set of various functions. Thus, multifunctionality (place for living, work, leisure, sleep, etc.) is one of the major principles underlying the organisation of a residential environment, which has been transforming and developing together with society, bringing to life various priority housing forms and functions during various historical epoch.

Infrastructure has emerged along with home. Thus, for example, in ancient times, trade was one of the town-planning elements, practically always being located close to homes. It is therefore that the first home with services appeared thousands of years ago.

The prototype of contemporary housing complexes is houses/communes, which became widespread in the 20th century. Subsequently it became clear that those houses were suitable for temporary, rather than permanent residing.

The first projects of contemporary many-storied housing complexes with services, «a city in a city», having a well-developed range of services meeting all the needs of the individual, appeared in the 1990s in Moscow.

The structure of a modern-day many-storied housing complex has the following principal zones: living zone, office zone (offices, banks, bureaus, etc.) and services (restaurants, concert halls, gyms, shops, etc.) and a garage/parking (other technical premises).

The inclusion of various services into the structure of a many-storied housing complex is dictated by the needs of today. The structure of many-storied housing complexes, therefore, has a strongly marked, thought-through concept – in addition to compulsory housing estate grounds and parkings, the complex may house a variety of services to meet the needs of future tenants.

The issue of creating many-storied housing complexes with services in our country requires consistent development of the urban planning structure whereby a range of problems are resolved: organisation of a comfortable living environment, creation of a comprehensive set of services, and provision an architecturally integral built context.

Key words: many-storied housing complexes, houses/communes, services, organisation of a living environment


Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-50147 of 06.06.2012 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017