№3(59)
September 2017
ISSN
1990-4126

Russian

«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 35 September 2011

History of architecture


Golovko Anastasia A.

Post-graduate student, Ural State Academy of Architecture and Arts, Research supervisor: Associate Professor T.V.Noven’kova Ural State Academy of Architecture and Arts, Ekaterinburg, Russia

CLASSIFICATION OF THE EARLY 20th CENTURY FORTIFICATION STRUCTURES ON THE GULF OF FINLAND COAST


The article presents a classification of fortification structures on the Gulf of Finland coast. The system of coastal fortifications presents separate but interrelated groups of fortification structures dispersed across the island. In the early 20th century, the system of fortifications consisted of a set of trenches and communications, supplemented with open and covered weapon emplacements of all types, command facilities, and shelters for personnel and machinery. The defence works within the coastal fortifications possessed similar functions and regional features. These features were the result of a complex influence of geopolitical, natural terrain, planning, socio-economic and fortification engineering factors. These factors defined the architectural and planning structure of the coastal fortifications.

Key words: military architecture, classification of defence works, coastal fortifications of the Gulf of Finland


Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-70832 of 30.08.2017 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017