№3(59)
September 2017
ISSN
1990-4126

Russian

«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 35 September 2011

Theory of architecture


Gayevskaya Zlata A.

C.Sc. (Architecture), Associate Professor, Chair of Restoration and Reconstruction of Architectural Heritage Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

AN EXPERIENCE OF AESTHETIC ORGANISATION OF RURAL SETTLEMENTS OF THE SOVIET PERIOD DURING RECONSTRUCTION


The current epoch is characterised by a global crisis, which is affecting all countries and all walks of life. The notion of ‘sustainable development’ that entered our lexicon in the late 20th century may be regarded as a category of the new-age mentality. The idea of sustainable development is associated not just with the overcoming of anthropocentrism and acceptance of biocentrism instead of it but with their integration in a uniform co-evolutionary system ‘individual - society – nature’ capable of ‘noospheregenesis’ (according to A.D.Ursul).

The cultural landscape competently "designed" by man should become a basis for the future noosphere. Our experience of aesthesizing the planning structure in experimentally reconstructed rural settlements of the Soviet period is based on the use of the principle of similarity from 1935 to 1990.

The principle of similarity allowed us to reveal the structural law of being. It helped open up the primary standard pattern of a space and enabled meaning to be incorporated into spatial combinations owing to the fact that aesthetic experience ultimately helps the individual to find his/her place in the Universe. Relations between functional zones and natural landscape dominants based on the similarity principle helped identify specific features of aesthetic organisation.

Key words: sustainable development, rural settlement, similarity, chorion, facies


Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-70832 of 30.08.2017 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017