March 2018


«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 35 September 2011


Tretyakova Maria S.

Doctoral student,
University of Art and Design,
Kyoto, Japan, e-mail: mashanadya@gmail.com   


Today, tradition in design and links with local culture is part of ecologically minded design, including nature conservation but also care for local culture.

The purpose of this article is to define ways of rethinking traditional aesthetics in the contemporary interior design of China and Japan, countries where linkage with traditional culture is striking.

The Taoist idea of balance between man and nature, between the artificial and the natural has defined the specifics of the aesthetic tradition of China. For this reason, the traditional Chinese house has a symmetrical plan, while the garden an asymmetrical one. The desire to balance all elements of life has led to a huge variety of forms in Chinese architecture.

The idea of transiency in Buddhism has defined the basic specificity of the Japanese aesthetic tradition, which manifests itself in simplicity of forms and asymmetric planning of the house and the garden.

The traditional simplicity of contemporary Japanese interior has allowed it to fit well into the modern-day context but also to keep its national originality. The contemporary Japanese interior features simplicity and even «primitiveness» of forms, refusal to practice strict subordination of elements (chaos), desire to create architecture that would be "transparent" for the environment.

The contemporary architecture of China aspires, as before, to amaze with scale, fancifulness and variety. Although it is experiencing a strong influence from other countries, attempts are being made to include the traditional aesthetics into the contemporary context. Chinese designers tend to create houses with a closed plan using brick and various lattices.

Key words: Japanese interior, Chinese interior, minimalism, ecodesign, interior design

Russian text of this article

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