№58
June 2017
ISSN
1990-4126

Russian

«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 35 September 2011

History of architecture


Lemytskaya Darya Ye.

PhD student,
Research supervisor: Professor A.V.Slabukha PhD (Architecture),
Institute of Architecture and Design Siberian Federal University,
Krasnoyarsk, Russia

ARCHITECTURAL AND SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE CITY OF CHERNOGORSK / THE TOWN OF CHERNOGORSKIYE KOPI OVER THE PERIOD FROM ITS FOUNDATION IN 1907 TO THE FIRST MASTER PLAN OF 1965 (ON THE STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM)


The article considers the development of the city of Chernogorsk (Republic of Khakassia) from its origin as a settlement to the first master plan, i.e. from 1907 to 1965

The author describes the history of the settlement since its origin and evolution into a workers’ settlement and a city as a characteristic type of urban settlement during the period of large-scale design and construction of new cities in the country.

The historical conditions that preceded the establishment of the settlement and its further evolution into a city of republican level are identified.

All material is structured and analyzed from four basic positions:

1) historical conditions preceding the establishment of the settlement;
2) formation of the settlement’s spatial structure;
3) initial planning activities;
4) the start of architectural and spatial organisation of the settlement.

The historical conditions include: the discovery of a coal field, development of coal mining industry, transport, and local industries.

The formation of the settlement’s spatial structure followed the development of coal mines, with the setting up of initial miners’ settlements. Further evolution was influenced by the construction of a railway, a railway station and a settlement around the station, which later gave origin to Chernogorsk.

With regard to initial planning activities, the article considers all stages in the evolution of Chernogorsk city plan and the role of country’s design consultancies in the city planning work.

The section «The Beginnings of Architectural and Spatial Organisation of the Settlement» reviews the availability of building materials and contractors in the city. The initial stage in the construction of the settlement is considered from the viewpoint of functional typology of architectural objects.

Key words: architectural spatial development of city, city planning, city of Chernogorsk


Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-50147 of 06.06.2012 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017