№58
June 2017
ISSN
1990-4126

Russian

«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 35 September 2011

Theory of architecture


Pyankova Nadezhda S.

Tutor, Chair of Graphic Design.
Ural State Academy of Architecture and Arts,
Ekaterinburg, Russia, e-mail: mashanadya@gmail.com

PRAGMATIC AESTHETIC FEATURES IN THE SPATIAL ENVIRONMENT OF PETER ZUMTHOR


The late 20th– early 21st century is characterised by the pragmatisation of design thinking: attention is focused on the inner world of the individual, and beauty is regarded from the point of view of its impact on the consumer. We can identify several stages in the history of pragmatic aesthetics:

  1. Ascetic pragmatism (Protestantism, 16th century): - functional form; - universal form; - simple form, emphasis on internal meanings.
  2. Instrumental pragmatism (American pragmatism, late 19th century): - emotional "form/shell"; - convenience.
  3. Interpreting pragmatism (German pragmatic philosophy, second half of the 20th century): - contextuality (form as a result of interpretation of the reality).

Features of pragmatic aesthetics are obvious in P.Zumthor’s projects of different years: in St. Benedict Chapel (1989) and Therme Vals (1996) in Switzerland, Kolumba museum (2007) and Bruder Klaus Kapelle (2007) in Germany. P.Zumthor acts in the role of philosopher/creator; his projects keep memory of the history of the place and encourage the spectator to produce his/her own interpretations, celebrating an impostulable eco-friendliness.

Key words: environmental design, architecture, aesthetics of pragmatism, Peter Zumthor


Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-50147 of 06.06.2012 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017