№1(61)
March 2018
ISSN
1990-4126

Russian

«Architecton: proceedings of higher education» № 34 June 2011

History of architecture


Steklova Irina A.

PhD (Art Studies), Associate Professor,
Penza State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering,
Penza, Russia, e-mail: i_steklo60@mail.ru

ARCHITECTURE IN ALEXANDER PUSHKIN’S TEXTS AND GRAPHICS


A suggestion is made that the simultaneous surge in Russian literature spearheaded by the recognised genius and the rise of Russian architecture with a galaxy of first-class masters was not accidental. The article considers the influence of architecture on Pushkin’s gift, starting from the unique environment of Tsarskoye Selo lycée where the young man learnt to understand poetry and to contemplate the real architectural space. For six years on end did he draw it from life in order to do this later by imagination for the rest of his life.

The architecture and landscape sketches of the poet dating to different periods of his creative life demonstrate an obvious awareness of form, which was traditional for the analytical school of the Russian Academy of Art: general layout of space, outlining of perspectives, arrangement of architectural objects as formal and, simultaneously, semantic dominants. It is shown that such work was systemic for Pushkin not only in graphics but also in word, involving continuing absorption, retention in memory and reproduction of spatial dimensions fixated by architecture.

The poet mastered the metaphorical potential of architecture in so organic a manner that he used it to reconstruct the past, convey the ethical connotations of the present and even to express irony. Architecture, according to its inherent mission, imparted a human and cultural dimension to the nature, introducing elements of history and civilization into the spatial construction of literary work.

Key words: A.S.Pushkin's graphics, architectural form, architectural space, spatial perception


Russian text of this article

ISSN 1990-4126  Registration MCM el. № ФС 77-70832 of 30.08.2017 © USUAA, 2004-2017  © Architecton, 2004-2017